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Glorious Past

Known as Pragjyotishpur in the ancient times; and Kamrup in the 1st millenium, a British province after 1838 and the Indian State after 1838 and the Indian state after 1947, today it is known as Assam. With its capital at Dispur, a suburb of the city of Guwahati, assam is located south of the eastern Himalayas. The State comprises the Brahmaputra and Barak river valleys and the Karbi Anglong and the North Cachar Hills with an area of 30,285 square miles (78,438 sq km). Assam currently is almost eqivalent to the size of Ireland or Austria. It is surrounded by the rest of the Seven Sister States: Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram, Tripura and Meghalaya. These states are connected to the rest of India via a narrow strip in West Bengal called the Siliguri Corridor. Assam also shares international borders with Bhutan and Bangladesh; and cultures, people and climate with South East Asia - important elements in India's "Look East" Policy.

Assam is known for Assam tea, petroleum resources, Assam silk and for its rich biodiversity. It has successfully conserved the one-horned Indian rhinoceros from near extinction, tiger, numerous species of birds and provides one of the last wild habitats for the Asian Elephant. It is increasingly becoming a popular destination for wild-life tourism and notably Kaziranga and Manas are both World Heritage Sites. Assam, at one time, was also known for its Sal tree forest and forest products. A land of high rainfall, Assam is endowed with lush greenery and mighty river Brahmaputra, whose tributaries are oxbow lakes provide the region with a unique hydro-geomorphic and aesthetic environment.
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